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Part VII: The Judicature

Chapter 3A: Federal Shariat Court 458

203A Provisions of Chapter to override other Provisions of Constitution
The provisions or this Chapter shall have effect notwithstanding anything contained in the Constitution.
 
203B Definitions.
In this Chapter, unless there is anything repugnant in the subject or context  459[
(a) "Chief Justice" means, Chief Justice of the Court;
] 459
(b) "Court" means the Federal Shariat Court constituted in pursuance of Article 203C;
 460[
(bb) "judge" means judge of the Court;
] 460
(c) "law" includes any custom or usage having the force of law but does not include the Constitution, Muslim Personal Law, any law relating to the procedure of any Court or tribunal or, until the expiration of  461[ten] 461 years from the commencement of this Chapter, any fiscal law or any law relating to the levy and collection of taxes and fees or banking or insurance practice and procedure; and
 464[] 464
 
203C The Federal Shariat Court.
(1) There shall be constituted for the purposes of this Chapter a court to be called the Federal Shariat Court.
 
 465[
(2) The Court shall consist of not more than eight Muslim  466[Judges] 466, including the  467[Chief Justice] 467, to be appointed by the President  468[in accordance with Article 175A] 468.
 
] 465 470[
(3) The Chief Justice shall be a person who is, or has been, or is qualified, to be, a Judge of the Supreme Court or who is or has been a permanent Judge of a High Court.
 
(3A) Of the Judges not more than four shall be persons each one of whom is, or has been, or is qualified to be, a Judge of a High Court and not more than three shall be ulema  471[having at least fifteen years experience in Islamic law, research or instruction] 471.
 
] 470
(4) The  472[Chief Justice] 472 and a  473[Judge] 473 shall hold office for a period not exceeding three years, but may be appointed for such further term or terms as the President may determine:
Provided that a Judge of a High Court shall not be appointed to be a Judge  474[] 474 except with his consent and  476[, except where the Judge is, himself the Chief Justice,] 476 after consultation by the President with the Chief Justice of the High Court.
 
 477[
(4A) The  478[Chief Justice] 478, if he is not a Judge of the Supreme Court, and a  479[Judge] 479 who is not a Judge of a High Court, may, by writing under his hand addressed to the President, resign his office.
 
] 477 480[ 481[
(4B) The Chief Justice and a Judge shall not be removed from office except in the like manner and on the like grounds as a Judge of the Supreme Court.
 
] 481 482[] 482] 480 483[] 483
(6) The Principal seat of the Court shall be at Islamabad, but Court may from time to time sit in such other places in Pakistan as the  485[Chief Justice] 485 may, with the approval of the President, appoint.
 
(7) Before entering upon office, the  486[Chief Justice] 486 and a  487[Judge] 487 shall make before the President or a person nominated by him oath in the form set out in the Third Schedule.
 
(8) At any time when the  488[Chief Justice] 488 or a  489[Judge] 489 is absent or is unable to perform the functions of his office the President shall appoint another person qualified for the purpose to act as  490[Chief Justice] 490 or, as the case may be,  491[Judge] 491.
 
 492[
(9) A Chief Justice who is not a Judge of the Supreme Court shall be entitled to the same remuneration, allowances and privileges as are admissible to a Judge of the Supreme Court and a Judge who is not a Judge of a High Court shall be entitled to the same remuneration, allowances, and privileges as are admissible to a Judge of a High Court:
Provided that where a Judge is already drawing a pension for any other post in the service of Pakistan, the amount of such pension shall be deducted from the pension admissible under this clause.
 
] 492
 
 499[] 499
203D Powers, Jurisdiction and Functions of the Court.
(1) The Court may,  501[either of its own motion or] 501 on the petition of a citizen of Pakistan or the Federal Government or a Provincial Government, examine and decide the question whether or not any law or provision of law is repugnant to the injunctions of Islam, as laid down in the Holy Quran and Sunnah of the Holy Prophet, hereinafter referred to as the Injunctions of Islam.
 
 502[
(1A) Where the Court takes up the examination of any law or provision of law under clause (1) and such law or provision of law appears to it to be repugnant to the Injunctions of Islam, the Court shall cause to be given to the Federal Government in the case of a law with respect to a matter in the Federal Legislative List  503[] 503, or to the Provincial Government in the case of a law with respect to a matter not enumerated  504[in the Federal Legislative List] 504, a notice specifying the particular provisions that appear to it to be so repugnant, and afford to such Government adequate opportunity to have its point of view placed before the Court.
 
] 502
(2) If the Court decides that any law or provision of law is repugnant to the Injunctions of Islam, it shall set out in its decision:
(a) the reasons for its holding that opinion; and
(b) the extent to which such law or provision is so repugnant; and specify the day on which the decision shall take effect 505[:] 505
 506[Provided that no such decision shall be deemed to take effect before the expiration of the period within which an appeal therefrom may be preferred to the Supreme Court or, where an appeal has been so preferred, before the disposal of such appeal.] 506
 
(3) If any law or provision of law is held by the Court to be repugnant to the Injunctions of Islam,
(a) the President in the case of a law with respect to a matter in the Federal Legislative List or the Concurrent Legislative List, or the Governor in the case of a law with respect to a matter not enumerated in either of those Lists, shall take steps to amend the law so as to bring such law or provision into conformity with the Injunctions of Islam; and
(b) such law or provision shall, to the extent to which it is held to be so repugnant, cease to have effect on the day on which the decision of the Court takes effect.
 
 507[] 507
 
 508[
203DD Revision and other Jurisdiction of the Court.
(1) The Court may call for and examine the record of any case decided by any criminal court under any law relating to the enforcement of Hudood for the purpose of satisfying itself as to the correctness, legality or propriety of any finding, sentence or order recorded or passed by, and as to the regularity of any proceedings of, such court and may, when calling for such record, direct that the execution of any sentence be suspended and, if the accused is in confinement, that he be released on bail or on his own bond pending the examination of the record.
 
(2) In any case the record of which has been called for by the Court, the Court may pass such order as it may deem fit and may enhance the sentence:
Provided that nothing in this Article shall be deemed to authorize the Court to convert a finding of acquittal into one of conviction and no order under this Article shall be made to the prejudice of the accused unless he has had an opportunity of being heard in his own defence.
 
(3) The Court shall have such other jurisdiction as may be conferred on it by or under any law.
 
 
] 508
203E Powers and Procedure of the Court.
(1) For the purposes of the performance of its functions, the Court shall have the powers of a civil court trying a suit under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (Act V of 1908), in respect of the following matters, namely:
(a) summoning and enforcing the attendance of any person and examining him on oath;
(b) requiring the discovery and production of any document;
(c) receiving evidence on affidavits; and
(d) issuing commissions for the examination of witnesses or documents.
 
(2) The Court shall have power to conduct its proceedings and regulate its procedure in all respects as it deems fit.
 
(3) The Court shall have the power of a High Court to punish its own contempt.
 
(4) A party to any proceedings before the Court under clause (1) of Article 203D may be represented by a legal practitioner who is a Muslim and has been enrolled as an advocate of a High Court for a period of not less than five years or as an advocate of the Supreme Court or by a jurisconsult selected by the party from out of a panel of jurisconsults maintained by the Court for the purpose.
 
(5) For being eligible to have his name borne on the panel of jurisconsults referred to in clause (4), a person shall be an Aalim who, in the opinion of the Court, is well-versed in Shariat.
 
(6) A legal practitioner or jurisconsult representing a party before the Court shall not plead for the party but shall state, expound and interpret the Injunctions of Islam relevant to the proceedings so far as may be known to him and submit to the Court a written statement of his interpretation of such Injunctions of Islam.
 
(7) The Court may invite any person in Pakistan or abroad whom the Court considers to be well-versed in Islamic law to appear before it and render such assistance as may be required of him.
 
(8) No court-fee shall be payable in respect of any petition or application made to the Court under  510[Article 203D.] 510
 
 511[
(9) The Court shall have power to review any decision given or order made by it.
 
] 511
 
203F Appeal to Supreme Court
(1) Any party to any proceedings before the Court under Article 203D aggrieved by the final decision of the Court in such proceedings may, within sixty days of such decision, prefer an appeal to the Supreme Court 512[:] 512
 513[Provided that an appeal on behalf of the Federation or of a Province may be preferred within six months of such decision.] 513
 
(2) The provisions of clauses (2) and (3) of Article 203D and clauses (4) to (8) of Article 203E shall apply to and in relation to the Supreme Court as if reference in those provisions to Court were a reference to the Supreme Court.
 
 514[
(2A) An appeal shall lie to the Supreme Court from any judgment, final order or sentence of the Federal Shariat Court-
(a) if the Federal Shariat Court has on appeal reversed an order of acquittal of an accused person and sentenced him to death or imprisonment for life or imprisonment for a term exceeding fourteen years; or, on revision, has enhanced a sentence as aforesaid; or
(b) if the Federal Shariat Court has imposed any punishment on any person for contempt of the Court.
 
(2B) An appeal to the Supreme Court from a judgment, decision, order or sentence of the Federal Shariat Court in a case to which the preceding clauses do not apply shall lie only if the Supreme Court grants leave to appeal.
 
] 514 515[
(3) For the purpose of the exercise of the jurisdiction conferred by this Article, there shall be constituted in the Supreme Court a Bench to be called the Shariat Appellate Bench and consisting of,
(a) three Muslim Judges of the Supreme Court; and
(b) not more than two Ulema to be appointed by the President to attend sittings of the Bench as ad-hoc members thereof from amongst the Judges of the Federal Shariat Court or from out of a panel of Ulema to he drawn up by the President in consultation with the Chief Justice.
 
] 515
(4) A person appointed under paragraph (b) of clause (3) shall hold office for such period as the President may determine.
 
(5) Reference in clauses (1) and (2) to Supreme Court shall be construed as a reference to the Shariat Appellate Bench.
 
(6) While attending sittings of the Shariat Appellate Bench, a person appointed under paragraph (b) of clause (3) shall have the same power and jurisdiction, and be entitled to the same privileges, as a Judge of the Supreme Court and be paid such allowances as the President may determine.
 
 
203G Bar of Jurisdiction
Save as provided in Article 203F, no court or tribunal, including the Supreme Court and a High Court, shall entertain any proceeding or exercise any power or jurisdiction in respect of any matter within the power or jurisdiction of the Court.
 
 516[
203GG Decision of Court binding on High Court and Courts subordinate to it
Subject to Article 203D and 203F, any decision of the Court in the exercise of its jurisdiction under this Chapter shall be binding on a High Court and on all courts subordinate to a High Court.
 
] 516
203H Pending proceedings to continue, etc.
(1) Subject to clause (2) nothing in this Chapter shall be deemed to require any proceedings pending in any court or tribunal immediately before the commencement of this Chapter or initiated after such commencement, to be adjourned or stayed by reason only of a petition having been made to the Court for a decision as to whether or not a law or provision of law relevant to the decision of the point in issue in such proceedings is repugnant to the Injunctions of Islam; and all such proceedings shall continue, and the point in issue therein shall be decided, in accordance with the law for the time being in force.
 
(2) All proceedings under clause (1) of Article 203B of the Constitution that may be pending before any High Court immediately before the commencement of this Chapter shall stand transferred to the Court and shall be dealt with by the Court from the stage from which they are so transferred.
 
(3) Neither the Court nor the Supreme Court shall in the exercise of its jurisdiction under this Chapter have power to grant an injunction or make any interim order in relation to any proceedings pending in any other court or tribunal.
 
 
 517[] 517
203J Power to make Rules.
(1) The Court may, by notification in the official Gazette, make rules for carrying out the purposes of this Chapter.
 
(2) In particular, and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, such rules may make provision in respect of all or any of the following matters, namely: -
(a) the scale of payment of honorarium to be made to jurisconsults, experts and witnesses summoned by the Court to defray the expenses, if any, incurred by them in attending for the purposes of the proceedings before the Court;  518[] 518
(b) the form of oath to be made by a jurisconsult, expert or witness appearing before the Court 519[;] 519
 520[
(c) the powers and functions of the Court being exercised or performed by Benches consisting of one or more members constituted by the Chief Justices;
(d) the decision of the Court being expressed in terms of the opinion of the majority of its members or, as the case may be, of the members constituting a Bench; and
(e) the decision of cases in which the members constituting a Bench are equally divided in their opinion.
] 520
 
(3) Until rules are made under clause (1), the Shariat Benches of Superior Courts Rules, 1979, shall, with the necessary modifications and so far as they are not inconsistent with the provisions of this Chapter, continue in force.
 
 

Notes

458   Substituted by Constitution (Amendment) Order, 1980 (President's Order No. 1 of 1980), Section 3 (with effect from May 26, 1980) for Chapter 3A: "Shariat Bench of Superior Courts"
459   Substituted by Constitution (Second Amendment) Order, 1982 (President's Order No. 5 of 1982), Section 2(a) (with effect from March 22, 1982) for :
(a) "Chairman" means chairman of the Court;"
460   Inserted by Constitution (Second Amendment) Order, 1982 (President's Order No. 5 of 1982), Section 2(a) (with effect from March 22, 1982).
461   Substituted by Revival of Constitution of 1973 Order, 1985 (President's Order No. 14 of 1985), Section 2, Sch. item 42 (with effect from March 2, 1985) for " 462[five] 462".
462   Substituted by Constitution (Second Amendment) Order, 1984 (President's Order No. 2 of 1984), Section 2 (with effect from April 26, 1984) for " 463[four] 463".
463   Substituted by Constitution (Second Amendment) Order, 1983 (President's Order No. 7 of 1983), Section 2 (with effect from May 19, 1983) for "three".
464   The following was omitted by Constitution (Second Amendment) Order, 1982 (President's Order No. 5 of 1982), Section 2(a) (with effect from March 22, 1982) : :
(d) 'member' means member of the Court.
465   Substituted by Constitution (Second Amendment) Order, 1981 (President's Order No. 7 of 1981), Section 2 (with effect from May 27, 1981) for :
(2) The Court shall consist of five  469[Muslim] 469members including the Chairman to be appointed by the President.
 
466   Substituted by Constitution (Second Amendment) Order, 1982 (President's Order No. 5 of 1982), Section 3(a) (with effect from March 22, 1982) for "members".
467   Substituted by Constitution (Second Amendment) Order, 1982 (President's Order No. 5 of 1982), Section 3(b) (with effect from March 22, 1982) for "Chairman".
468   Inserted by Constitution (Eighteenth Amendment) Act, 2010, Section 74(i) (with effect from April 19, 2010).
469   Inserted by Constitution (Second Amendment) Order, 1980 (President's Order No. 4 of 1980), Section 2(a) (with effect from June 21, 1980).
470   Substituted by Constitution (Third Amendment) Order, 1985 (President's Order No. 24 of 1985), Section 4(a) (with effect from March 19, 1985) for :
(3) The Chairman shall be a person who is, or has been or is qualified to be a Judge of the Supreme Court and a member shall be a person who is, or has been or is qualified to be a Judge of a High Court.
 
471   Substituted by Constitution (Eighteenth Amendment) Act, 2010, Section 74(ii) (with effect from April 19, 2010) for "who are well-versed in Islamic law".
472   Substituted by Constitution (Second Amendment) Order, 1982 (President's Order No. 5 of 1982), Section 3(b) (with effect from March 22, 1982) for "Chairman".
473   Substituted by Constitution (Second Amendment) Order, 1982 (President's Order No. 5 of 1982), Section 3(c) (with effect from March 22, 1982) for "member".
474   The following was omitted by Constitution (Eighteenth Amendment) Act, 2010, Section 74(iii) (with effect from April 19, 2010) : " for a period exceeding  475[two years] 475".
475   Substituted by Constitution (Third Amendment) Order, 1985 (President's Order No. 24 of 1985), Section 4(b) (with effect from March 19, 1985) for "one year".
476   Inserted by Constitution (Second Amendment) Order, 1980 (President's Order No. 4 of 1980), Section 2(b) (with effect from June 21, 1980).
477   Inserted by Constitution (Second Amendment) Order, 1980 (President's Order No. 4 of 1980), Section 2(c) (with effect from June 21, 1980).
478   Substituted by Constitution (Second Amendment) Order, 1982 (President's Order No. 5 of 1982), Section 3(b) (with effect from March 22, 1982) for "Chairman".
479   Substituted by Constitution (Second Amendment) Order, 1982 (President's Order No. 5 of 1982), Section 3(c) (with effect from March 22, 1982) for "member".
480   Inserted by Revival of Constitution of 1973 Order, 1985 (President's Order No. 14 of 1985), Art 2, Sch. item 43 (with effect from March 2, 1985).
481   Substituted by Constitution (Eighteenth Amendment) Act, 2010, Section 74(iv) (with effect from April 19, 2010) for :
(4B) The President may, at any time, by order in writing,
(a) modify the term of appointment of a Judge;
(b) assign to a Judge any other office; and
(c) require a Judge to perform such other functions as the President may deem fit; and pass such other order as he may consider appropriate.
Explanation: In this clause and clause (4C), "Judge" includes Chief Justice.
 
482   The following was omitted by Constitution (Eighteenth Amendment) Act, 2010, Section 74(v) (with effect from April 19, 2010) : :
(4C) While he is performing the functions which he is required under clause (4B) to perform or holding any other office assigned to him under that clause, a Judge shall be entitled to the same salary, allowances and privileges as are admissible to the Chief Justice or, as the case may be, Judge of the Court.
 
483   The following was omitted by Constitution (Eighteenth Amendment) Act, 2010, Section 74(v) (with effect from April 19, 2010) : :
(5) A Judge of a High Court who does not accept appointment as a  484[Judge] 484 shall be deemed to have retired from his office and, on such retirement, shall be entitled to receive a pension calculated on the basis of the length of his service as Judge and total service, if any, in the service of Pakistan.
 
484   Substituted by Constitution (Second Amendment) Order, 1982 (President's Order No. 5 of 1982), Section 3(c) (with effect from March 22, 1982) for "member".
485   Substituted by Constitution (Second Amendment) Order, 1982 (President's Order No. 5 of 1982), Section 3(b) (with effect from March 22, 1982) for "Chairman".
486   Substituted by Constitution (Second Amendment) Order, 1982 (President's Order No. 5 of 1982), Section 3(b) (with effect from March 22, 1982) for "Chairman".
487   Substituted by Constitution (Second Amendment) Order, 1982 (President's Order No. 5 of 1982), Section 3(c) (with effect from March 22, 1982) for "member".
488   Substituted by Constitution (Second Amendment) Order, 1982 (President's Order No. 5 of 1982), Section 3(b) (with effect from March 22, 1982) for "Chairman".
489   Substituted by Constitution (Second Amendment) Order, 1982 (President's Order No. 5 of 1982), Section 3(c) (with effect from March 22, 1982) for "member".
490   Substituted by Constitution (Second Amendment) Order, 1982 (President's Order No. 5 of 1982), Section 3(b) (with effect from March 22, 1982) for "Chairman".
491   Substituted by Constitution (Second Amendment) Order, 1982 (President's Order No. 5 of 1982), Section 3(c) (with effect from March 22, 1982) for "member".
492   Inserted by Constitution (Eighteenth Amendment) Act, 2010, Section 74(vi) (with effect from April 19, 2010).
493   Substituted by Constitution (Second Amendment) Order, 1982 (President's Order No. 5 of 1982), Section 3(b) (with effect from March 22, 1982) for "Chairman".
494   Substituted by Legal Framework Order, 2002 (Chief Executive's Order No. 24 of 2002), Article 3(1), Sch. item 19(a) (with effect from August 21, 2002) for "salary".
495   Substituted by Constitution (Second Amendment) Order, 1982 (President's Order No. 5 of 1982), Section 3(c) (with effect from March 22, 1982) for "member".
496   Substituted by Legal Framework Order, 2002 (Chief Executive's Order No. 24 of 2002), Article 3(1), Sch. item 19(a) (with effect from August 21, 2002) for "salary".
497   Substituted by Legal Framework Order, 2002 (Chief Executive's Order No. 24 of 2002), Article 3(1), Sch. item 19(b) (with effect from August 21, 2002) for ".".
498   Inserted by Legal Framework Order, 2002 (Chief Executive's Order No. 24 of 2002), Article 3(1), Sch. item 19(b) (with effect from August 21, 2002).
499   The following was omitted by Constitution (Second Amendment) Order, 1981 (President's Order No. 7 of 1981), Section 3 (with effect from May 27, 1981) : :
 500[
203CC Panel of Ulema and Ulema members.
(1) The President may, in consultation with the Chairman, draw up a panel of Ulema who are well-versed in Islamic law for being associated with the Court in cases before it.
 
(2) The Chairman shall, in all cases before the Court, request the Ulema not exceeding three, borne on aforesaid panel to attend the sittings of the Court as Ulema members and, while so sitting, they shall have the same power and jurisdiction, and be entitled to the same privileges, as a member and such allowances as may be determined by the President.
 
 
] 500
500   Inserted by Constitution (Amendment) Order, 1981 (President's Order No. 5 of 1981), Section 2 (with effect from April 13, 1981).
501   Inserted by Constitution (Second Amendment) Order, 1982 (President's Order No. 5 of 1982), Section 4 (with effect from March 22, 1982).
502   Inserted by Constitution (Amendment) Order, 1984 (President's Order No. 1 of 1984), Section 2(a) (with effect from February 14, 1984).
503   The following was omitted by Constitution (Eighteenth Amendment) Act, 2010, Section 75 (with effect from April 19, 2010) : "or the Concurrent Legislative List".
504   Inserted by Constitution (Eighteenth Amendment) Act, 2010, Section 75 (with effect from April 19, 2010).
505   Substituted by Constitution (Amendment) Order, 1984 (President's Order No. 1 of 1984), Section 2(b) (with effect from February 14, 1984) for ".".
506   Inserted by Constitution (Amendment) Order, 1984 (President's Order No. 1 of 1984), Section 2(b) (with effect from February 14, 1984).
507   The following was omitted by Constitution (Second Amendment) Order, 1980 (President's Order No. 4 of 1980), Section 3 (with effect from June 21, 1980) : :
(4) A decision of the Court shall be expressed in terms of the opinion of the majority of its members and shall be published in the official Gazette.
 
508   Substituted by Constitution (Second Amendment) Order, 1982 (President's Order No. 5 of 1982), Section 5 (with effect from March 22, 1982) for :
 509[
203DD Further jurisdiction of the Court
The Court shall have such other jurisdiction as may be conferred on it by or under any law.
 
] 509
509   Inserted by Constitution (Second Amendment) Order, 1980 (President's Order No. 4 of 1980), Section 4 (with effect from June 21, 1980).
510   Inserted by Constitution (Second Amendment) Order, 1980 (President's Order No. 4 of 1980), Section 5 (with effect from June 21, 1980).
511   Inserted by Constitution (Amendment) Order, 1981 (President's Order No. 5 of 1981), Section 2 (with effect from April 13, 1981).
512   Substituted by Constitution (Second Amendment) Order, 1983 (President's Order No. 7 of 1983), Section 2 (with effect from May 19, 1983) for ".".
513   Inserted by Constitution (Second Amendment) Order, 1983 (President's Order No. 7 of 1983), Section 2 (with effect from May 19, 1983).
514   Inserted by Constitution (Second Amendment) Order, 1982 (President's Order No. 5 of 1982), Section 6 (with effect from March 22, 1982).
515   Substituted by Constitution (Third Amendment) Order, 1982 (President's Order No. 12 of 1982), Section 2 (with effect from August 15, 1982) for :
(3) For the purpose of the exercise of the jurisdiction conferred by this Article, there shall be constituted in the Supreme Court a Bench consisting of three Muslim Judges of the Supreme Court, to be called the Shariat Appellate Bench, and reference in the preceding clauses to "Supreme Court" shall be construed as a reference to the Shariat Appellate Bench.
 
516   Inserted by Constitution (Second Amendment) Order, 1982 (President's Order No. 5 of 1982), Section 7 (with effect from March 22, 1982).
517   The following was omitted by Constitution (Second Amendment) Order, 1982 (President's Order No. 5 of 1982), Section 8 (with effect from March 22, 1982) : :
203I Administrative arrangements, etc.
The Federal Government shall make all such administrative arrangements, and make available to the Court the services of such officers and experts, as it may consider necessary for the convenient performance of the functions of the Court.
 
518   The following was omitted by Constitution (Second Amendment) Order, 1980 (President's Order No. 4 of 1980), Section 6 (with effect from June 21, 1980) : "and".
519   Substituted by Constitution (Second Amendment) Order, 1980 (President's Order No. 4 of 1980), Section 6 (with effect from June 21, 1980) for ".".
520   Inserted by Constitution (Second Amendment) Order, 1980 (President's Order No. 4 of 1980), Section 6 (with effect from June 21, 1980).

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