This page includes copyright statement for text and layout of the Constitution and related material. Copyright for all other documents.

Copyright for Text and Presentation of Constitution, Amendments, Schedules, Amending Orders, etc.

The 1973 Constitution of Pakistan has been digitized and HTML'ized here as a public service. The official language of the document, amended over the years, and including all annexes, schedules, is the property of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.

The work undertaken by Shehzaad Nakhoda and Zartash Uzmi was to digitize and convert to HTML a published manuscript of the Constitution (Edited by Makhdoom Ali Khan, Published 1986 by Pakistan Publishing House, Karachi). This was a result of a large number of hours of (i) optical scanning; (ii) careful HTML formatting, so as to make the result truly universally accessible independent of users' browsers and systems; and (iii) verfication. In addition, we continue to carefully format into HTML all accompanying documents, which were not part of the original manuscript, and were obtained through the sources mentioned below.

The text in the "Notes" is taken from the manuscript mentioned above. The words therein describing the changes to the Constitution prior to March 1986 are those of the Editor of the manuscript.

We reserve all rights to the HTML formatting and presentation of the entire Constitution and all accompanying documents as presented here. No reproduction of the HTML formatting is permitted without our express written permission.

We have used the sources in the Acknowledgments section below to bring up to date the text of the Constitution - originally based on the 1986 manuscript.


The Constitution is presented here 'as is.'. No responsibility is taken for any potential inaccuracies and/or errors in the text, and any damages that are incurredthrough the use of this material.

Although every effort has been made to ensure accuracy, there are probably errors lurking about. Users are requested to let us know of any errors they may find.

The text of the Constitution of Pakistan and associated documents is presented purely as a free service, and has been since 1995. We are aware of the recent issuance of The Publication of Laws of Pakistan (Regulation) Ordinance, 2015 (VIII of 2015), and we are making the utmost efforts to comply with the requirements of that ordinance and the associated rules. The Government of Pakistan has begun a concerted effort to publish legislative documents at, which we believe is a positive step, the earlier absence of which was one of the main motivations for our efforts.


The 1986 publication we used to begin this work was the most current one available to us at the time. Although we are unable to contact the Editor, Mr Makhdoom Ali Khan, we would like to extend our thanks to him for his work, and for his unknowing contribution to this project.

Bilal Bhutta at MIT maintained a PDF version of the Constitution at this URL:, but the site does not exist anymore. We have used the text therein to complete the Schedules, Annex, and last few Parts of the Constitution.

We would like to extend sincere thanks to the late Mr Abdul Hameed Cheema for helping us in providing the texts of various amendments and other legal documents, which we have used to make the text of the Constitution up to date. He took a keen interest in our work and his enthusiasm will always remain in our memories. May his soul rest in peace.

Zartash Uzmi, Shehzaad Nakhoda [Email us]